Toptal is an American company that provides freelance software engineers, designers, and finance experts to companies. The company has received coverage for being a completely virtual organization without any offices.

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Toptal
Toptal
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  • Since their emergence in the early 2000s, Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWF) have been met with both curiosity and trepidation, existing somewhere between return-maximizing asset manager and clandestine government agency. This article takes us into the $7.4 trillion world of the SWF, shedding light on objectives, ambitions, and mandates as well as allocation strategies.

Toptal
Toptal
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  • Generative adversarial networks, among the most important machine learning breakthroughs of recent times, allow you to generate useful data from random noise. Instead of training one neural network with millions of data points, you let two neural networks contest with each other to figure things out. In this article, Toptal Freelance Software Engineer Cody Nash gives us an overview of how GANs wo...

Toptal
Toptal
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  • Financial purists have long questioned whether corporate, environmental, and social initiatives benefit the bottom line and how to quantify their impact. In this article, we put aside motive—of genuine altruism or self interest—and philosophical debates around moral obligation. Instead, we examine the results of studies around whether corporate responsibility initiatives positively impact profita...

Toptal
Toptal
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  • Donald Knuth said that "premature optimization is the root of all evil." But there comes a time, usually in mature projects with high loads, when the need to optimize presents itself. In this article, Toptal Freelance Software Engineer Iulian Gulea talks about five common methods to optimize a web project’s code using principles that can be used in Django as well as other frameworks and languages....

Toptal
Toptal
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  • Dashboards are a unique and powerful way to present data-based intelligence using data visualization techniques. This post looks at the fundamental principles that lie at the heart of every successful dashboard design.

Toptal
Toptal
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  • Validating user inputs is an essential part of any robust web application. Angular 4 makes it especially easy for both template-driven and reactive forms. In this article, Toptal Freelance Angular Developer Igor Geshoski walks us through the different approaches in Angular 4 form validation and shows how even complex form validation can be done easily.

Toptal
Toptal
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  • A picture may be worth a thousand words, but a book contains that and more. To improve your design skills and stay in line with market trends and needs, you need to be continuously learning. This article reviews 19 free ebooks written to help designers grow as professionals and creatives.

Toptal
Toptal
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  • A brand is a promise. This article outlines how illustrations are being used to express brand value and how businesses are investing substantial time and resources into extensive brand illustration systems.

Toptal
Toptal
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  • The arguments for a cryptocurrency revolution can tend to sway toward appearing more like get-rich-quick schemes than balanced debates. The regulatory risk overhang, constant scams, and technological immaturity of the movement mean that long-term success is far from certain. In this article, Jonathan Sterling addresses the other side of the argument: the bear case for a crypto future. He shines a...

Toptal
Toptal
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  • In WordPress, taxonomies allow you to flexibly organize your content in categories with tags and more. However, when defining custom taxonomies, you may not get the desired behavior out of the box. In this article, Toptal Freelance Software Engineer Narek Malkhasyan shows how exclusive custom taxonomies can be implemented in WordPress for strict categorization of posts.

Toptal
Toptal
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  • By now, most have heard of Big Data – the buzzword d’jour across most business circles. In this exploratory piece, Finance Expert, Gregory Thompson, introduces us to the wonderful world of Small Data. Specifically, he guides us through its broader market dynamics, tools, players and solutions, and includes a practical implementation guide for how small businesses might add analytics as a core-cap...

Toptal
Toptal
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Toptal
Toptal
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  • Today, there are many celebrities that have become investors, and many investors that are borderline celebrities. One thing is clear: The division between Hollywood and Silicon Valley has become increasingly blurred. Though in the past it has been common for famous entertainers, musicians, or actors to grow their wealth through real estate, royalties, or restaurants, celebrities today are turning ...

Toptal
Toptal
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  • What is a computer? What are the limitations of a computer? Are there problems that a computer cannot solve? In this article, Toptal Freelance Software Engineer Mehmet Bajin explores the fundamentals of computation and the impact they have on computability and complexity.

Toptal
Toptal
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  • Working under a tight deadline? We’ve all picked up design projects that required us to deliver outstanding results under severe time constraints. This article outlines a 30 day branding case study that breaks down the process of how to get it done effectively.

Toptal
Toptal
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  • Equity analysts often leave out an important source of wisdom when analyzing companies—the annual shareholder letter. This article intends to elucidate the purpose and traits of good shareholder letters based on an analysis of the 601 companies in the S&P SmallCap 600 Index. The article will also direct readers to some of the best lesser-known shareholder letters to put on their annual reading lis...

Toptal
Toptal
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  • Flaws in your database design are like cracks in your application’s foundations. If left unchecked, trying to fix them down the line will be costly to say the least. In this article, Toptal Freelance Software Engineer Fernando Martinez discusses some of the most common database design bad practices and how to avoid them.

Toptal
Toptal
Blog Post
  • When it comes to theming; that is, changing the look and feel of your website while maintaining the same layout, Sass' features—like mixins or functions—can feel like taking a plane instead of walking! In this tutorial on SCSS, we're going to create a minimal theme and use SCSS to give our CSS programming some superpowers.

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